A miner is a person whose work or commerce is to extract ore or minerals from the earth. Mining is one of the most hazardous trades in the world. In some countries miners lack social guarantees and in case of injury may be left to cope without help. On June 21, 1935, the Convention No. 45 was adopted by the International Labor Organization, where the Article II establishes exclusion of women work in subversive mines: No female, whatever her age, shall be working on underground employment in any mine.The United Mine Workers of America is a North American labor union best known for representing coal miners and coal technicians. Today, the Union also represents health care workers, truck drivers, manufacturing workers and public employees in the United States and Canada. Although its main focus has always been on workers and their rights, the UMW of today also advocates for better roads, schools, and universal health care.

Life of a miner

Miners were often dependent upon the corporation amass, a store that miners had to use because they were often paid only in company scrip, exchangeable at the store, which often emotional higher prices than other stores. Many miners homes were also owned by the mines. Although there were company towns that raised the price of all goods and made eviction a constant threat, these conditions were not the norm for all coal towns. But for the towns that did use the money to their benefit, removal family often faced adversity in living conditions.

Mining Countries in the world

United states



Safety and health in the mines

Being a miner in the 19th century meant long hours of incessant hard labor. For many workers, it was not unusual to be familiarized to long hours in the dark mines. Since miners were paid per ton of coal they produced each day workers would arrive as early as probable and stay till they physically were exhausted. Because of working in the mines, many health issues arose. One problem was that a majority of the areas being mined were on average 35 feet high. This meant that most miners worked all day without rank upright. Because a lot of the coal pit were hard to access by an average man, the insist for little boys to work in the mines grew.

More inexperienced miners led to more accidents. Another health concern was the amount of dust that a miner breathed in each day. Now we know that it causes the disease black lung, but then, few miners knew what effects that this job would have on their bodies. Security was also a big concern, most coal corporation wanted to produce the cheapest coal, so in return they would not update or replace old obtainable tools and carts. This led to miners flattering upset on a daily basis. However, most companies did not get into conflict over the deaths because miners would typically work alone or in pairs, meaning that an accident would only harm two people and not a large quantity. As removal became more of a demand, the workers started to understand that something could be done to improve the operational circumstances, and that something must be done soon before any more lives were lost. The health and safety concerns of miners in the early 19th century were what encouraged the labor actions to begin.

Women in the mines

Although mining was characteristically thought of as a man's job, women were in the mines as early as the 1920s and 1930s in some places. However, most early women miners worked during World War I and World War II, when many men were overseas, or they worked for their family who own the mine. The UMWA pushed for equal pay and work chance for women. As time went on women began to do more hard labor and did the same work as men. In the 1970s the number of women who worked as real miners and who conventional wages rose to historic highs.